LMAO OKAY OKAY SO.
AFTER MUCH DELIBERATION WITH MYSELF (what to include, what not) i’ve finally figured out what to put on my colour tutorial! LSKDJSKLDGJ. i’ve split two parts with multiple subparts! the first part will cover a bunch of rules that you’d PROBS find in a OTHER TUTORIALS/artbooks and are THEREFORE pretty important! i’ll call these the *~*CAE…SICS~*~* b/c they are basics which i (CAE) think are NECESSARY to understand the reasoning in the second part of this tutorial (which will be how i personally stylize/apply/bend/break???? these rules)!
i’ll call this second part APPLI…CAE..TIONS.
applicaetions are way heavier on actual colour coordination/palette making (AND I MAKE UP MY OWN TERMS OOOO), as opposed to CAESICS which are AGAIN more based on universal terminology. CAESICS can totally be skipped if you know what I mean by… “hue/saturation/luminosity” and “colour relativity (AKA warmer blue/cooler red).”
DSFKLDJF DISCLAIMER: I AM BY NO MEANS AN EXPERT AT THIS GAME. and really, the only kind of training i have is…
lots and lots and lots of practice??? COUGHS MOVING ON
A. part one: CAESICS
B part two: APPLICAETIONS
part one: CAESICS.
SOME SUPERRR BASIC TERMINOLOGY RIGHT OFF THE BAT!
(that’s from my preferred program paint btw AHAHA)
COLOUR HAS THREE DIMENSIONS, HUE, SATURATION/SAT, AND LUMINOSITY/LUM.
A2. Colour mixing
LMAO UH. I’M NOT GOING TO GO INTO THE ADDITIVE COLOUR MODEL (unless anyone wants me to show them on pchat how THAT WORKS), but YEAH. SUBTRACTIVE COLOUR MODEL DICTATES THAT (except for the primary colours RED, BLUE, AND YELLOW), you get colours by mixing other colours together!
(consistent luminosity and saturation)
You should internalize these facts if pre-k television/art classes haven’t already taught you a thing or two!
A3. THE COLOURWHEEL!
HM. THE COLOUR WHEEL i see as a convenient short hand for colour mixing! For example, take Purple+Red and you get Violet, take Violet+Red and you get a Redder Violet and so on and so forth.
BUT UH. YEAH. while i think the colourwheel is DEFINITELY VALUABLE i think aside from (maybe) COMPLEMENTARY COLOURS, most colourschemes that arise from the sole consideration of a colourwheel border into BORING/BASIC/SAFE.
to add to my feelings of “MEH” towards colour wheel-based colourschemes, there’s a focus primarily on hues and doesn’t really explain the use of luminosity/saturation. that’s uncool!
(I’LL TRY… TO… EXPLAIN FURTHER HOW I MAKE LUMINOSITY AND SATURATION COME INTO PLAY WHEN I EXPLAIN “COLOUR WEIGHT” IN applicaetions)
A4. COLOUR WARMTH/COLOUR COOLNESS
As I noted earlier in the colour wheel section, cool colours are focused as you get closer to the green-blue area of a colour wheel, while warm colours are focused around the orange-red area. HOWEVER that doesn’t mean necessarily that ALL BLUES are ABSOLUTELY cold nor does it mean ALL REDS are ABSOLUTELY warm! TO DEMONSTRATE, have some gradients. utilizing the process of colour mixing AND COOL VERSUS WARM, i’ll show you with some colours as they go from warm to cool!
(THESE ARE APPROXIMATIONS BTW. I DO MOSTLY MANUAL WORK WHEN I PLAY WITH COLOURS, AND I DON’T ACTUALLY USE BRUSHES/OPACITY DUE TO PERSONAL PREFERENCE/WANT FOR CONSISTENT PRACTICE)
Thus, if I say “this needs a cooler yellow!” i mean i need a yellow with more blue-green thrown in (closer to the left)! if i mean “i need a warmer blue” i mean a blue with more orange-red thrown in (closer to the right)!
A5. COLOUR RELATIVITY.
WHICH is p. much my favourite part of any colour lesson to explain and THE MOST IMPORTANT PART OF THESE CAESICS LSKDGHLSKG.
As I kinda implied in the previous section, colours interact with one another. Depending on what other colours surround a certain colour B… You will perceive colour B differently. Take for example this optical illusion I pulled off the wiki!
Both the orange spots are the same colour.
…and so are the grey squares surrounding said orange spots.
(GO AHEAD AND EYEDROPPER IT IT’S REALLY NEATO)
Because that grey/orange outside the shadow are in lightness, you perceive it as dark. Because the grey inside the shadow are in darkness, you perceive it as lighter/brighter.
In other words, in comparison to its surroundings, one grey looks LIGHT, and the other grey looks DARK.
Now, for some (kinda) application. Let’s say… You wanted to make a fire. Fire is yellow! and the candle is white! Darkness is blue-black.
THAT LOOKS RATHER UNIMPRESSIVE, DOESN’T IT!
That’s because you need to make the yellow and white interact with the blue background. Additionally, the yellow light needs to interact with the white. THUS cooler yellow, cooler white… And cool+warm white near the light source (yellow+blue = green!) You want a colour that will SEEM yellow in the context of the picture and a colour that will SEEM white in the context of the picture.
Thus, you’re going to use a kinda… bottleglass green for some of the yellow. And you’re going to use light blue for the white. And green when it’s nearer to the flame.
(that’s for the sake of illustration, not indicative of my personal paletting/drawing skill) SO YEAH. All colours depend on each other to work. What may seem like a grey in one situation may look yellow or blue in another situation. So keep this in mind when you pick colours!
SWEET. OKAY. now we’re going to mosey on down to applicaetions, which i think are way more personal for me!
part 2: applicaetions
B1. Colour weight.
I’M NOT SURE IF ANYONE ELSE SEES IT LIKE THIS, BUT IT WORKS FOR ME!
THE WAY III SEE IT… Colours come in three dimensions, and each dimension determines its weight/impact in a palette.
B2. Palette tips!
Some other off-hand tips.
B3. PALETTE BREAK DOWN.
The actual process of making a colour palette is not a set in stone thing for me and other than the rules i’ve stated above most of it is INSTINCT, HA HA HA. SO I’M GOING TO LET YALL GO OFF ON YOUR OWN! AND EXPERIMENT! EXPERIMENTING IS THE BEST WAY TO LEARN! But, before I LET YOU ALL FREEEEE, I’ll break down some personal favourite colour palettes and explain why I like them! (WATCH THEM ALL BE MY OCs’ COLOURSCHEMES OOPS…)
B4. SHADING WITH COLOUR!
I CAN’T SAY I’M A GOOD AUTHORITY ON PAINTING OR ANYTHING LIKE THAT BUT I CAN TOTALLY WORDS… WHEN IT COMES TO CHOOSING COLOURS TO SHADE YOUR FIGURE!
Every colour matters in your pieces as I’ve said before. THE COLOUR OF YOUR LINEART… MATTERS… THE COLOUR OF YOUR SHADOWS… DEFINITELY MATTER.
One of my personal petpeeves then is when shading is done with the darker version of that same colour.
I’ll show you why it’s terrible. AHHAHA.
(star girl belongs to my colour sensei chingchang hi)
It’s lifeless! It’s flat! Terrible!
Taking <CAE SELF-INSERT> colourscheme.
CHINGCHANG TOLD ME ONCE THAT UNDER REGULAR CONDITIONS the light you choose will create complementary shadows. for example, yellow light causes purple shadows, green light causes red shadows.
(also remember kids, your midtones TEND TO tho not always are the most saturated part of your palette! your shadows+the lightest areas TEND TO tho not always become less saturated as it goes into darkness/lightness. i say not always, because if your light is super saturated, then your light areas will be saturated also. LSKJDFLSDF
…IN ADDITION, when you black and white your picture, you should see contrast)**
CAE IS A REBEL AND TENDS TO FORGET THE COMPLEMENTARY RULE (tho it is a very good rule). LSKDHGLKJ. AND GOES INSTEAD “i wonder what goes with yellow i like blue so i will shade with blue heh. and uhhh i like yellow with blue so yellowish light cool.” thus these are known as applicaetions rather than set-in-stone artbook rules.
Let’s revisit stargirl. I’ve changed the palette there to the side to reflect the fact that YES, i’ve decided to shade with that particular blue. i’ve also changed the base colours because the old ones pained me. the yellow becomes cooler, the shadows of the yellow are basically yellow mixed with blue with saturation lowered. same thing happens on the skin colour..
(a scribble for illustrative purposes HA HA HA. note that i also changed the lineart colour!)
NOW FOR A CLEARER VIEW OF HOW I SHADE MY COLOURSCHEMES! Let’s take a look back on default palette!
I want to shade with teal shadow anddd i want purple light BECAUSE REASONS. Thus, all the colours work toward that final teal colour as they get darker and less saturated. THE SAME GOES FOR LIGHT. all colours become lighter and less saturated (at least in the colour light i’ve chosen) as they move towards that final ultimate… purple i got going on there!!
B5. CONCLUDING THOUGHTS
HOHUM. i guess, to summarize that’s pretty much how i colour! i have a set colourscheme, set shadow colours i want to use that match said colourscheme… then i have at it!
mang i wonder if this is helpful, i’d love any feedback on whether or not my tips make any sense or not. LKSHGLKJDG.